Every organization today is looking for ways to ensure and assure Secure Product. The trend now is to adopt “build-in” Security measures instead of spending money on “bolt-on” Security measures separately. It is ideal to adopt Secure SDLC as a process to integrate the required security controls at the appropriate level of the software development.
Typically, companies handle a structured approach to delivering the product as per Client requirements. Since Software production structure varies from one organization to another and depends on several internal and external factors. It is required to ensure Security is adopted as a process integrated with existing workflow and methodologies.
Now, if we want to adopt Secure SDLC as a process, we need to ensure below 5 Steps are followed, measured and effectively ensured.
1. Identify And Equip Key Resources & Stakeholders
Building Team is the first and most crucial part of Secure SDLC process implementation project. We need to ensure the correct resources are identified and structured based on the requirements of the secure SDLC to make the outlook for success. The number of stakeholders and resources will vary from one organization to another, depending on the software development strategy that it follows. However, we need to ensure team consist of individuals of different Role and Department. Here, individuals with Technical Expertise are equally important as that from the Leadership Team. Here is how your Secure SDLC Task
Force could look like:
Figure 1: Secure SDLC Task Force
Roles & Functions
The director is responsible for the control, superintendence, and direction of the businesses and activities of the company.
The chief Information Security Officer is a senior level executive. He is responsible for converting the complex business problems into effective security controls.
The project manager is an individual who possesses the roles of planning, structuring, managing, handling, reporting as well as communicating on entire phases.
Security Manager organizes and supervises the entire security activities of the company.
Risk or Compliance Officer
Officer manages the Corporate compliance program. He reviews and assesses compliance problems within the company.
The project leader is responsible for offering the functional subject matter knowledge and functional accountability and ownership for the results of the project.
The assurance team plan, direct and coordinate assurance programs to ensure products meets the certain standards. They also formulate the control policies.
Architects create or select the appropriate architecture for systems, such that it matches business requirements, satisfies stakeholder needs and attain the expected results under certain constraints.
Developers are persons concerned with the duties of secure design, test as well as maintenance of the program for the product.
Functional QA assesses the products to ensure that it meets the business needs.
Regression/ Maintenance QA
Maintenance QA supervises the company’s security maintenance resources to prevent from downtime.
Customers are the units of business with the requirement for the project being developed.
3rd Party Consultant
3rd Party Consultant is responsible for evaluating the product based on the secure SDLC framework. They also involve in document creation and review.
Once the required resources are identified, then the organization should train them and ensure their expertise to develop the project successfully.
2. Analysis And Alignment
The organization needs to perform the analyse and alignment mechanism to visualize the association between its business strategies and processes.
There is generally some important actions need to take for the analyse and alignment process. These include:
3. Process Development
The process development phase involves the action of creating the most effective processes that offer the best results. It comprises several goals.
- Making efficient utilization of resources (money, time, staff, raw materials, and work)
- Enhancing the product quality
- Serving the requirement of the clients
This phase involves assigning the roles as well as responsibilities to the staff by matching their skills. Next, implement the measurement criteria and choose the tracking tools to measure the performance of the process management. This will support to achieve the following goals:
- Identify the impacts of the business as per the project management enhancement initiatives
- Compare the cost of project management benefits
- Ensure that the project management initiatives, achieving its objectives
The success of any structure is critically reliant on an effective approach to the implementation. This phase involves the action of executing the process management; hence that the idea becomes a reality. The first thing here is to ensure the end-user awareness about the secure SDLC. Human mistakes come next to the technology in terms of factors that leads to failure of the product. A proper action, including the training programs should take place to make the end user aware essential things about the product and how to remain successful against the security threats as well as risks.
Form a define and development department, which should comprise the incident handling team. This team is responsible for creating threat information sharing, active defense, critical infrastructure protection and incident preparedness. They should also analyse the process continuously to ensure everything is running smoothly and take appropriate action whenever any issues arise.
A systematic approach for receiving the details regarding the performance of the organization as well as the aspects that influence the performance. This phase considers the organization process as the key unit of evaluation to ensure that the whole thing is running as per the framework.
The above-discussed steps are prominent enough for secure SDLC implementation. Some additional steps may add for certain tasks based on the necessity and cost and time involved.